According to UN forecasts, the world population will increase from 7.4 to 8.5 billion people by 2030. A number of major countries lack a resource base. Sovereign rights to fish for bioresources within countries’ exclusive economic zones remain inviolable, including the regulated access of foreign vessels. Most of the water areas in the open part of the World Ocean are regulated by multilateral international agreements, but unregulated zones remain. At the same time, the United Nations is working to protect the ‘health of the ocean’ and create protected marine areas where industrial fishing is limited. How can we find a balance between the interests of multiple stakeholders? How thorough is the existing legal regulation and is it possible to conclude a new global deal on the sustainable development of the World Ocean’s bioresources? Leading world politicians, experts, and business executives will discuss the long-term prospects for the development of fisheries in the World Ocean and the associated risks.
- View of the UN FAO on the effectiveness of existing international conventions for the conservation and development of bioresources.
- Key challenges for international organizations responsible for implementing the existing multilateral conventions on the conservation and development of bioresources (for example, CCAMLR / ICCAT / NEAFC).
- Ensuring national interests when obtaining access to fishing in areas covered by international agreements and in the exclusive economic zones of foreign states (positions of the EU, China, Norway, Chile/Peru, Russia, and African countries).
- Current UN policy on the establishment of protected water areas: criteria for selecting areas, risk zones, the balance of economic interests, and nature conservation.
- The voice of business: how much do politics contribute to the economic efficiency of fishing in remote areas and what needs to be changed?
- Documenting the positions of key stakeholders.
- Useful lessons for drafting agreements for unregulated areas or modifying existing conventions.
Possible decision to hold an international conference under the auspices of the UN FAO to develop and coordinate universal rules and conditions based on objective criteria for countries to access the open areas of the World Ocean.
- Ilya Shestakov, Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Russian Federation; Director, Federal Agency for Fishery
- Per Sandberg, Minister of Fisheries of the Kingdom of Norway
- Aziz Akhannouch, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries of Morocco;
- Pablo Berazaluce Maturana, Undersecretary of Fisheries and Aquaculture of the Republic of Chile;
- Toshiro Shirasu, President, Japan Fisheries Association;
- Abdellah Srour, Executive Secretary, General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean and Black Sea, UN Food and Agriculture Organization;
- Huang Baoshan, Vice President and Secretary General, China Overseas Fisheries Association;
- Sergey Sidorsky, Minister in Charge of Industry and the Agro-Industrial Complex, Eurasian Economic Commission.
Moderator: Andrew Mallison, Director General, International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization (IFFO).